Project: Caulk and weatherstrip everything
Plugging small leaks can add up to big savings.
Small gaps and cracks around your windows and doors and in your basement and attic can let the air you’re heating or cooling escape, and can let in moldy and dusty air, and even vermin! If you can feel drafts, you really have a problem, but even if you don’t, almost every home, new or old, can benefit from additional caulking and weatherstripping. Nearly half your energy cost is for heating or cooling your home. So it’s not just air that’s leaking out — it’s money!
While a do-it-yourself sealing project can help remedy many drafty situations there is no replacement for the effectiveness of an air sealing professional. Working with an auditor these professionals can identify and seal hard-to-locate leaks and test the home to ensure energy efficiency and that a healthy level of air exchange is maintained.
Find a certified air sealing professional through the Maryland Home Performance with ENERGY STAR Contractor list. Select Montgomery County contractors and then use the information on the right hand side to narrow your search results.
Montgomery County residents can get a $250 Property Tax Credit when caulking and weatherstripping windows and doors in a primary residence
How do I know whether to use caulk or weatherstripping?
Caulk is best for sealing cracks less than ¼-inch wide, or cracks that might let water in, typically on the outside frame of windows and doors, and for other structural gaps.
Weatherstripping is best for sealing around anything that moves — the doors and windows themselves (as opposed to the outer frames, which you caulk). There are several types of weatherstripping that adhere to doors or windows that still allow for a tight seal and operation of the door or window.
I have a crack in my basement wall over an inch wide. What are my options?
Spray foam is a great way to seal larger holes — it acts more like a permanent insulation. Several types of spray foams are available depending on the job. One non-toxic and easy to use variety is cementitious spray foam.
I have a gap near my chimney or furnace exhaust, what should I use?
Care must be taken around chimneys and furnace exhausts as products such as spray foam and caulking may be flammable. In these situations you can use flashing or may choose to consult an air sealing professional.